WHAT IS PERCUTANEOUS NEPHROLITHOTOMY (PCNL)?
Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is a surgical treatment used to remove large stones from the kidney.
REASON FOR THE PROCEDURE
When other less invasive methods to remove kidney stones are unsuccessful, PCNL is an option.
PCNL is an procedure performed under general anesthesia. A small incision is made in your back or side, and a nephroscope is inserted into the kidney. The nephroscope is a device that can remove the stone intact or break up the stone then suction out any remaining fragments. The entire procedure usually takes 30- 45 minutes. A catheter is often left in the kidney and connected to a bag outside the body to collect urine. After one or two days in the hospital, you are able to return home. Recovery usually lasts for one to two weeks.
POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS, RISKS, AND COMPLICATIONS
PCNL has the usual risks of other minimally invasive procedures, including organ injury, bleeding and infection. Possible complications could include an increased risk for high blood pressure and a decrease in kidney function.