WHAT IS TESTICULAR CANCER?
The testicles are male reproductive organs located in the scrotum below the penis. Cells multiplying out of control in the testicles may be Testicular Cancer. Cancer of the testicles is the most common cancer in men 15 to 35 years old. Men who have an undescended testicle (a testicle that has never moved down into the scrotum) are at a higher risk for Testicular Cancer.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?
Symptoms may be nonexistent or may include swelling of the entire testicle or lumps inside the testicle, early puberty in boys or breast growth or soreness in men.
HOW IS IT DIAGNOSED?
Your Esse Health Urologist can feel the testicles for swelling or tenderness and for the size and location of any lumps. An imaging procedure using high-frequency sound waves (Ultrasound) is often the first test performed to determine the density of the mass. Blood tests may also be performed to look for tumor markers. A biopsy (where a small needle is inserted in the mass, and a small amount of tissue is removed) provides the definitive answer if the mass is Testicular Cancer.
WHAT ARE THE TREATMENT OPTIONS?
There are many types of cells in the testicles, so it is essential to distinguish which cell types are involved in determining the most effective treatment. Treatment of Testicular Cancer also depends on the stage of the disease and the patient's age and overall health. Surgery is the first option for most stages. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy may be considered to treat any cancer cells that may have migrated outside of the testicles. Your Esse Health Urologist will discuss what treatment option is best for you.