WHAT IS OVERACTIVE BLADDER?
Overactive Bladder is a type of urinary incontinence where sudden, involuntary contractions of the muscle surrounding the bladder produce an urgent need to urinate. It often occurs so suddenly that a person with the condition is unable to make it to the bathroom in time (a condition known as urge incontinence). This condition is more common among older adults, but it is not a normal part of aging.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?
You may have Overactive Bladder if you experience frequent urination (often defined as eight or more times in 24 hours), urinary urgency, and urge incontinence.
HOW IS IT DIAGNOSED?
Your doctor may order a standard urine test to rule out a urinary infection. Bladder function tests may be performed that measure the amount of fluid left in your bladder after emptying, the urine flow rate, and bladder pressure.
WHAT ARE THE TREATMENT OPTIONS?
A variety of treatment strategies are used for Overactive Bladder. Behavioral interventions, scheduled urination, and pelvic muscle exercises can be helpful to reduce or prevent leakage. Medications designed to relax the bladder may improve symptoms. The use of Botox and nerve stimulation may be considered. For those with severe symptoms who do not respond well to any of these treatments, surgical procedures may be recommended.