WHAT IS MALE INFERTILITY?
Male Infertility is the inability of a male to create offspring. Male infertility can be attributed to issues with the production, function or delivery of sperm. Chronic conditions, illnesses, physical injuries, lifestyle choices and some medications can also cause fertility problems.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?
The primary indicator of infertility is the inability to conceive a child. Symptoms may include difficulty with sexual function (erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation or inability to ejaculate or low sex drive), pain, swelling or lumps in or around the testicles or other seemingly unrelated health issues (inability to smell, lack of body hair or abnormal breast growth). In some cases, an underlying problem such as an inherited disorder, a hormonal imbalance, dilated veins around the testicles or a condition that blocks the passage of sperm can cause signs and symptoms.
HOW IS IT DIAGNOSED?
A physical exam may help rule out some possibilities. Semen analysis may be the next step. Your Esse Health Urologist can determine the volume, count, movement and structure of your sperm. Your doctor may also want to do a Hormonal Profile to assess the levels of certain hormones involved in reproduction. A Transrectal Ultrasound could be requested where sound waves produce an image used to look for any structural issues.
WHAT ARE THE TREATMENT OPTIONS?
Treatment options in all aspects of male fertility from lifestyle modification to hormone management to surgical intervention can be discussed and explored. Your Esse Health Urologist will devise a treatment plan based on your specific needs.